~~ IAF Uniform ~~
Standard Clothing, Pins and Emblems
The usual 'A' uniform consist of beige dacron clothes, a blue belt, a dark-blue officers cap (with the silvery
insignia of the IAF) and black army (IDF-issue) boots. On the other hand, ceremonial uniform consist of a
light-blue shirt and dark-blue pants instead of the beige ones. In any event, the unit badge is fitted on the left
shoulder on all uniform types except for work uniform ('B' type).
Parachuting Wings Emblem:
Denotes the completion of the IDF Parachuting Course - an early requirement from all cadets during the
''Basics Stage'' (the latter 6 months of the first year of training).
Worn directly above the right breast pocket.
Air-Crew Officer's Pin:
Given in the end of the first year of the flight-course, which is also the end of the 6 months of the ''Basics
Stage'' in which the cadets undergo complex and extreme infantry training, preparing to become officers.
Worn in the front of the left collar, in a vertical position.
Pilot's Flight Wings Emblem:
Awarded in person by the IAF Commander-in-Chief in a special ceremony (the famous Wings Parade),
after a year of intensive general- and combat-flight training (the Flight-Course's second and final year).
The official rank of Second Lieutenant is unveiled 3 days earlier. Next, the pilots start their OTU period.
Worn above the left breast pocket - above any decorations the pilot has earned.
IDF officer ranks are worn on the shoulders, in such a way that the pips are closer to the side of the arm
sleeves and not the side of the neck collar.
|Second Lieutenant (2nd Lt.)||
|First Lieutenant (1st Lt.)||
|Lieutenant Colonel (LTC)||
|Lieutenant General (LTG)||
- The following Israeli military decorations are all in the form of ribbons. These ribbons are worn
directly above the left breast pocket, below the Flight Wings. All details regarding them and the
manner of their wearing are found in the IDF General-Orders 37.0807 and 0811.
- Manner of wearing: the ribbons are arranged inboard to outboard, with a maximum of 2 ribbons in
a single row (rows go from bottom to top!). If there's an uneven number of ribbons, the top row
contains the lesser number, and the center of this row sits over the center of the one below it.
- Campaign ribbons are worn - starting from the bottom - in a chronological order of precedence,
whereas the special decorations that are worn after them (i.e. above them) are arranged in an
ascending order of importance: citations appear after campaign ribbons, and medals are above all
- It's important to note that citations and medals carry considerable prestige in the IDF simply because
so few are awarded.
Campaign Ribbons (''Otot Ma'araha''):
War of Independence: 1948-1949
Operation ''Kadesh'' - Sinai Campaign: 1956
Six-Days War: 1967
Day of Atonement (''Yom Kippur'') War: 1973
Operation ''Peace for the Galilee'' (abbrev. ''SHELEG'') - Lebanon War: 1982
Citations (''Tziyoonim Le'Shevah''):
The citation symbol: a sword crossed with an olive tree branch (like a miniaturized LTG's rank).
Awarded by a Lieutenant General.
GOC's (General Officer Commanding) Citation:
Awarded by a General.
Awarded by the IDF Chief-of-Staff.
Note: Citations awarded for actions during a campaign appear on the campaign ribbon, and not on a
separate olive-green ribbon as seen here. The olive-green ribbons are used only when the actions
concerned were not conducted during any campaign.
A medal consists of 3 elements: the actual medal (''Pe'era'' in Hebrew), which is attached with a
suspension ribbon-cloth and the corresponding ribbon-bar (''Ot''), on which the medal is fitted; the
ribbon-cloth has the same color as the ribbon-bar (blue, red or yellow). In the IDF, while the ribbon bars are
always worn on the uniform, the medals themselves are worn quite rarely, on very specific formal
occasions (Independence Day, War Casualties Memorial Day and military parades) - and usually not
even then due to secrecy considerations or fear of being considered as vain.
Medal of Distinguished Service (''Mofet''):
Awarded by the IDF Chief-of-Staff, for ''an act which was done most courageously,
deserving to be exemplary conduct.''
Medal of Courage (''Oz''):
Awarded by the IDF Chief-of-Staff, for ''an act of heroism performed in the line
of combat duty at a personal risk.''
Medal of Valor(''Gvoora''):
Awarded by the Israeli Minster of Defense, with the recommendation
of the IDF Chief-of-Staff, for ''an act of supreme heroism performed
while fighting in the face of the enemy at a great personal risk.''